What is Jikes?
JikesTM is a compiler that translates JavaTM source files as defined in The Java Language Specification into the bytecoded instruction set and binary format defined in The Java Virtual Machine Specification.
Abridged from a FAQ entry which was adapted from some material by Lou Grinzo for an article he wrote.
The fact that Jikes is a high-performance, highly compatible Java compiler that can be used on almost any computing platform makes it an interesting program and worth investigating for almost any Java programmer. But Jikes is also notable because it lies at the center of two events: the adoption of open source philosophy and practice by large corporations, and the continued growth of Java for Linux.
It's worth pointing out that Jikes is not, and is not intended to be, a complete development environment -- it is simply a command line compiler. It should not be considered a replacement for more complete tools, such as Visual Slick Edit or Eclipse which provide sophisticated graphical IDEs (Integrated Development Environments).
The Jikes compiler was released in binary form in April 1997 on the IBM alphaWorks site. Jikes for Linux was released on 15 July 1998. The response was overwhelming -- Jikes had more downloads in the three months after the announcement than in the fifteen months before the announcement. Around the end of March 2002, IBM opened a fledgling community hosting location attached to their developerWorks site with Jikes as a founding member. Approximately 3 years later this server was decommissioned and the most active projects migrated into SourceForge.net hosting options. During those three years Jikes was the #1 most popular project every month, often by a large margin. We approached nearly 250,000 downloads while residing at dw/oss, and had been consistently tallying triple digit daily downloads.
Release of Jikes for Linux was soon followed by requests to open up the source. Many notes and comments from users suggested this would be a good idea. The source was released under a liberal license in December 1998 to make a very visible demonstration of IBM's commitment to open standards and to Java Technology, to make Jikes more reliable and accessible, to encourage more widespread use of Java Technology, to encourage standardization of Java Technology, and to gain some experience actually running an open source project. This marked the start of one of IBM's first efforts in the open source arena.
The original alphaWorks version of Jikes was written by Philippe Charles and Dave Shields of the IBM T. J. Watson Research Center. For awhile after the release of the source they continued to work on the compiler as contributors; however, shortly after the project migrated to developerWorks' Open Source Server they were officially moved off onto other projects within IBM. Today there are no IBMers who work on Jikes as part of their job description. Jikes survives today soley based on the free time contributions of members of the open source community.
The source code is available under IBM's Public License, which has been approved by the OSI (Open Source Initiative) as a fully certified open source license. The project provides access to the complete CVS development tree, which includes not only Jikes, but also the source for the Jacks Test Suite and the Jikes Parser Generator used to build Jikes. Jikes is included in many Open Source Operating Systems. The Jacks Test Suite is a replacement for the Jikestst package.
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